On June 1, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the agreement.  Under Article 28, the effective withdrawal date of the United States is the fastest possible date, given that the agreement entered into force in the United States on November 4, 2016. If it had decided to withdraw from the UNFCCC, it could be informed immediately (the UNFCCC came into force in 1994 for the United States) and come into force a year later. On August 4, 2017, the Trump administration officially announced to the United Nations that the United States intends to withdraw from the Paris Agreement as soon as it has a legal right to do so.  The formal declaration of resignation could only be submitted after three years of implementation of the agreement for the United States in 2019.   Political history was founded in May 2018, when Malaysia`s ruling barisan Nasional lost parliamentary elections after 61 years in power. Pakatan Harapan (PH) took the lead, with a well-known face: Mahathir Mohamad, who had switched sides and was again Prime Minister of Malaysia. The “new” Mahathir, who played the role of a reformed political dean, professes a change in the way of life and politics and has promised to manage the “new” Malaysia. One of the commitments made in the PH manifesto was the creation of a Council on Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change. Malaysian environmentalists have dared to hope for a more sustainable approach to development after decades of resource-fuelled growth. The Eiffel Tower in Paris, illuminated in green to celebrate the entry into force of the Paris Agreement, the most ambitious agreement in history, on November 4, 2016 (Photo: Jean-Baptiste Gurliat/ Paris City Hall) Before the conference, Malaysia officially issued a joint statement on behalf of the LDC.
In particular, the statement suggested that “any enhanced action by the parties in developing countries must be accompanied by an equivalent corresponding to the increase in new, adequate and predictable financial resources, including for technology transfer.” Malaysia continued to emphasize this point throughout the COP negotiations and used the moral heyday of reminding the conference that developed countries have not fulfilled their obligations since the UNFCCC came into force in 1992, while LDC citizens (home to two-thirds of the world`s poor) continue to suffer from extreme weather.