Question 3. Highlight the verbs in the sentences below and indicate whether they are in the active or passive voice. (i) Sita loves Savitri. (ii) The wall is built by the mason. (iii) Some boys helped the injured man. (iv) The man killed the snake. v) The food prepared by Asha was eaten by Ram. Answer: (i) Sita loves Savitri. – (Active) (ii) The wall is built by the mason. – (Passive) (iii) Some boys helped the injured. – (Active) (iv) Man killed the snake. – (Active) (v) The food prepared by Asha was eaten by Ram.

Prepared – (active) eaten – (Passive) A verb must correspond to its subject in number and in person. (a) If the subject is a third person is singular, most English verbs end in -s or -it, but there are no -s or -it in plural third. He goes to school. You go to school. Sita goes to school. Sita and Rama go to school. They`re eating a mango. Ram eats a mango. Exceptions (i) The verb `be` and its forms are an exception to this rule: it is a friend. I`m your friend. They`re friends. (ii) Can, must, can and must and auxiliaries do not have “s” in singular or plural.

What the Lord will ask, the servant will do. The servants will do what they ask. If “wants” is a complete verb meaning desire, it follows the rule for most other verbs and accepts `-s` if the subject is a singular third person. No matter what God wants, man cannot change. Words that end with `y` and have a consonant before that `y` the `y` in T and `-it is added if the subject is a singular third person. Ram`s counting on me. He`s doing his best. He`s flying a kite. Two or more subjects, linked by `or`, `nor`, `neither` or `nor`, take a verb in the singular.

For example, if two nouns relate to the same person or the same thing, the verb must be singular. Example: If the subject of the verb is a relative pronodem, it is necessary to ensure that the verb in number and in person corresponds to the parent`s precursor. For example, some names that are plural in form, but are singularly in the sense, adopt a singular verb. Example: A helping verb indicates when the action of a sentence takes place. The verb helping has several forms on, is, are, were and will be. Examples: The title of a book, play, history, musical composition and the name of a country, although plural in the form of a singular verb. Example: verbs have three main parts. They are present, from the past and past participants.

For regular verbs, the past is formed by adding to the current form; and past participation is done by using past tense verb with a helping verb like having, having or having.